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Technological change and the environment

Contributor(s): Grubler, Arnulf [Editor] | Nakicenovic, Nebojsa [Editor] | Nordhaus, William D [Editor].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: Washington, DC Resources for the Future 2002Description: vi, 407 p.ISBN: 1891853465; 9781891853463.Subject(s): Technological innovations | Environmental protectionDDC classification: 628 Summary: "Much is written in the popular literature about the current pace of technological change. But do we have enough scientific knowledge to properly inform policymaking in technology-dependent domains such as energy and the environment? While it is agreed that technological change does not ""fall from heaven like autumn leaves,""the theory, data, and models are deficient. The specific mechanisms that govern the rate and direction of inventive activity, the drives and scope for incremental improvements that occur during technology diffusion, and the spillover effects that cross-fertilize technological innovations remain poorly understood. In a work that will interest serious readers of history, policy, and economics, the editors and their distinguished contributors offer a unique, single volume overview of the theoretical and empirical work on technological change. Beginning with a survey of existing research, they provide analysis and case studies in contexts such as medicine, agriculture, and power generation, paying particular attention to what technological change means for efficiency, productivity, and reduced environmental impacts. The contributors empirically test hypotheses of induced innovation and theories of institutional innovation. They propose ways to model induced technological change and evaluate its impact, and they consider issues such as uncertainty in technology returns, technology crossover effects, and clustering."
List(s) this item appears in: 2018 Economics - Nobel Prize
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"Much is written in the popular literature about the current pace of technological change. But do we have enough scientific knowledge to properly inform policymaking in technology-dependent domains such as energy and the environment? While it is agreed that technological change does not ""fall from heaven like autumn leaves,""the theory, data, and models are deficient. The specific mechanisms that govern the rate and direction of inventive activity, the drives and scope for incremental improvements that occur during technology diffusion, and the spillover effects that cross-fertilize technological innovations remain poorly understood. In a work that will interest serious readers of history, policy, and economics, the editors and their distinguished contributors offer a unique, single volume overview of the theoretical and empirical work on technological change. Beginning with a survey of existing research, they provide analysis and case studies in contexts such as medicine, agriculture, and power generation, paying particular attention to what technological change means for efficiency, productivity, and reduced environmental impacts. The contributors empirically test hypotheses of induced innovation and theories of institutional innovation. They propose ways to model induced technological change and evaluate its impact, and they consider issues such as uncertainty in technology returns, technology crossover effects, and clustering."

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