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The antitrust paradigm: restoring a competitive economy

By: Baker, Jonathan B.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: Cambridge Harvard University Press 2019Description: 349 p. Includes references and index.ISBN: 9780674975781.Subject(s): United States | Competition | Economic history | Economic policyDDC classification: 338.820973 Summary: A new and urgently-needed guide to making the American economy more competitive at a time when tech giants have amassed vast market power. The U.S. economy is growing less competitive. Large businesses increasingly profit by taking advantage of their customers and suppliers. These firms can also use sophisticated pricing algorithms and customer data to secure substantial and persistent advantages over smaller players. In our new Gilded Age, the likes of Google and Amazon fill the roles of Standard Oil and U.S. Steel. Jonathan Baker shows how business practices harming competition manage to go unchecked. The law has fallen behind the technology, but that is not the only problem. Inspired by Robert Bork, Richard Posner, and the “Chicago School,” the Supreme Court has, since the Reagan years, steadily eroded the protections of antitrust. The Antitrust Paradigm demonstrates that Chicago-style reforms intended to unleash competitive enterprise have instead inflated market power, harming the welfare of workers and consumers, squelching innovation, and reducing overall economic growth. Baker identifies the errors in economic arguments for staying the course and advocates for a middle path between laissez-faire and forced deconcentration: the revival of pro-competitive economic regulation, of which antitrust has long been the backbone. Drawing on the latest in empirical and theoretical economics to defend the benefits of antitrust, Baker shows how enforcement and jurisprudence can be updated for the high-tech economy. His prescription is straightforward. The sooner courts and the antitrust enforcement agencies stop listening to the Chicago school and start paying attention to modern economics, the sooner Americans will reap the benefits of competition. https://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674975781
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Table of content

Introduction
I. The Market Power Paroxysm and the Antitrust Paradigm
1. Market Power in an Era of Antitrust
2. The Faltering Political Consensus Supporting Antitrust
3. Preventing the Political Misuse of Antitrust
4. Recalibrating Error Costs and Presumptions
5. Erroneous Arguments against Enforcement
II. Antitrust Rules and the Information Economy
6. Inferring Agreement and Algorithmic Coordination
7. Exclusionary Conduct by Dominant Platforms
8. Threats to Innovation from Lessened Competition
9. Harms to Suppliers, Workers, and Platform Users
III. Looking Forward
10. Restoring a Competitive Economy
Notes
References
Acknowledgments
Index

A new and urgently-needed guide to making the American economy more competitive at a time when tech giants have amassed vast market power.
The U.S. economy is growing less competitive. Large businesses increasingly profit by taking advantage of their customers and suppliers. These firms can also use sophisticated pricing algorithms and customer data to secure substantial and persistent advantages over smaller players. In our new Gilded Age, the likes of Google and Amazon fill the roles of Standard Oil and U.S. Steel.
Jonathan Baker shows how business practices harming competition manage to go unchecked. The law has fallen behind the technology, but that is not the only problem. Inspired by Robert Bork, Richard Posner, and the “Chicago School,” the Supreme Court has, since the Reagan years, steadily eroded the protections of antitrust. The Antitrust Paradigm demonstrates that Chicago-style reforms intended to unleash competitive enterprise have instead inflated market power, harming the welfare of workers and consumers, squelching innovation, and reducing overall economic growth. Baker identifies the errors in economic arguments for staying the course and advocates for a middle path between laissez-faire and forced deconcentration: the revival of pro-competitive economic regulation, of which antitrust has long been the backbone.
Drawing on the latest in empirical and theoretical economics to defend the benefits of antitrust, Baker shows how enforcement and jurisprudence can be updated for the high-tech economy. His prescription is straightforward. The sooner courts and the antitrust enforcement agencies stop listening to the Chicago school and start paying attention to modern economics, the sooner Americans will reap the benefits of competition.

https://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674975781

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