Middle India and urban-rural development: four decades of change - New Delhi Springer 2018 - xlv, 289 p. - Exploring urban change in South Asia .


1. Introduction: The Economic Dynamism of Middle India / Barbara Harriss-White

2. Local-Global Integration, Diversification and Informality: Long-Term Change in Arni During the Late Twentieth Century / Elisabetta Basile

3. Arni’s Workforce: Segmentation Processes, Labour market Mobility, Self-employment and Caste / M.V. Srinivasan

4. ‘Local Capitalism’ and the Development of the Rice Economy, 1973–2010 / Barbara Harriss-White

5. A Future Not so Golden: Liberalization, Mechanization and Conflict in Arni’s Gold Ornaments Cluster / Jason Stanley

6. The Impact of Caste on Production Relations in Arni: A Gramscian Analysis / Elisabetta Basile

7. Technological Change and Innovation in Middle India: The Case of Arni’s Silk Cluster / Camilla Roman

8. The Making and Unmaking of Handloom Silk Weaving in the Arni Region / N.A. Arivukkarasi

9. Institutional Change in Informal Credit: Through the Urban-rural Lens / Christine Polzin

10. Feeling Rich on an Empty Stomach: Agrarian Crisis and Rural Consumption Choices / Marco Cavalcante

11. Epilogue—The Future for Small Towns: The Case of Arni–or Ambur or Ranipet or Tiruppur or...? / Barbara Harriss-White

12. The Arni Studies Bibliography, 1976–2014 / Compiled by Barbara Harriss-White

Middle India and Rural-Urban Development explores the socio-economic conditions of an ‘India’ that falls between the cracks of macro-economic analysis, sectoral research and micro-level ethnography. Its focus, the ‘middle India’ of small towns, is relatively unknown in scholarly terms for good reason: it requires sustained and difficult field research. But it is where most Indians either live or constantly visit in order to buy and sell, arrange marriages and plot politics. Anyone who wants to understand India therefore needs to understand non-metropolitan, provincial, small-town India and its economic life. This book meets this need. From 1973 to the present, Barbara Harriss-White has watched India’s development through the lens of an ordinary town in northern Tamil Nadu, Arni. This book provides a pluralist, multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary perspective on Arni and its rural hinterland. It grounds general economic processes in the social specificities of a given place and region. In the process, continuity is juxtaposed with abrupt change. A strong feature of the book is its analysis of how government policies that fail to take into account the realities of small town life in India have unintended and often perverse consequences.

In this unique book, Harriss-White brings together ten essays written by herself and her research team on Arni and its surrounding rural areas. They track the changing nature of local business and the workforce; their urban-rural relations, their regulation through civil society organizations and social practices, their relations to the state and to India’s accelerating and dynamic growth. That most people live outside the metropolises holds for many other developing countries and makes this book, and the ideas and methods that frame it, highly relevant to a global development audience.



330.095482 / M4

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