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Network meta–analysis for decision–making

By: Dias, Sofia.
Contributor(s): Ades, A.E [Co author] | Welton, Nicky J [Co author] | Jansen, Jeroen P [Co author] | Sutton, Alexander [Co author].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookSeries: Wiley series in statistics in practice. Publisher: New Jersey John Wiley & Sons Lyd. 2018Description: xxv, 456p. With index.ISBN: 9781118647509.Subject(s): Mathematical analysis | Meta-analysis | Network Meta-AnalysisDDC classification: 610.727 Summary: A practical guide to network meta-analysis with examples and code In the evaluation of healthcare, rigorous methods of quantitative assessment are necessary to establish which interventions are effective and cost-effective. Often a single study will not provide the answers and it is desirable to synthesise evidence from multiple sources, usually randomised controlled trials. This book takes an approach to evidence synthesis that is specifically intended for decision making when there are two or more treatment alternatives being evaluated, and assumes that the purpose of every synthesis is to answer the question "for this pre-identified population of patients, which treatment is 'best'?" A comprehensive, coherent framework for network meta-analysis (mixed treatment comparisons) is adopted and estimated using Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods implemented in the freely available software WinBUGS. Each chapter contains worked examples, exercises, solutions and code that may be adapted by readers to apply to their own analyses. This book can be used as an introduction to evidence synthesis and network meta-analysis, its key properties and policy implications. Examples and advanced methods are also presented for the more experienced reader. Methods used throughout this book can be applied consistently: model critique and checking for evidence consistency are emphasised. Methods are based on technical support documents produced for NICE Decision Support Unit, which support the NICE Methods of Technology Appraisal. Code presented is also the basis for the code used by the ISPOR Task Force on Indirect Comparisons. Includes extensive carefully worked examples, with thorough explanations of how to set out data for use in WinBUGS and how to interpret the output. Network Meta-Analysis for Decision Making will be of interest to decision makers, medical statisticians, health economists, and anyone involved in Health Technology Assessment including the pharmaceutical industry. https://www.wiley.com/en-us/Network+Meta+Analysis+for+Decision+Making-p-9781118647509
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Introduction to Evidence Synthesis 1

2 The Core Model 19

3 Model Fit, Model Comparison and Outlier Detection 59

4 Generalised Linear Models 93

5 Network Meta-Analysis Within Cost-Effectiveness Analysis 155

6 Adverse Events and Other Sparse Outcome Data 179

7 Checking for Inconsistency 189

8 Meta-Regression for Relative Treatment Effects 227

9 Bias Adjustment Methods 273

10 *Network Meta-Analysis of Survival Outcomes 293

11 *Multiple Outcomes 323

12 Validity of Network Meta-Analysis 351

A practical guide to network meta-analysis with examples and code
In the evaluation of healthcare, rigorous methods of quantitative assessment are necessary to establish which interventions are effective and cost-effective. Often a single study will not provide the answers and it is desirable to synthesise evidence from multiple sources, usually randomised controlled trials. This book takes an approach to evidence synthesis that is specifically intended for decision making when there are two or more treatment alternatives being evaluated, and assumes that the purpose of every synthesis is to answer the question "for this pre-identified population of patients, which treatment is 'best'?" A comprehensive, coherent framework for network meta-analysis (mixed treatment comparisons) is adopted and estimated using Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods implemented in the freely available software WinBUGS. Each chapter contains worked examples, exercises, solutions and code that may be adapted by readers to apply to their own analyses. This book can be used as an introduction to evidence synthesis and network meta-analysis, its key properties and policy implications. Examples and advanced methods are also presented for the more experienced reader. Methods used throughout this book can be applied consistently: model critique and checking for evidence consistency are emphasised.
Methods are based on technical support documents produced for NICE Decision Support Unit, which support the NICE Methods of Technology Appraisal. Code presented is also the basis for the code used by the ISPOR Task Force on Indirect Comparisons. Includes extensive carefully worked examples, with thorough explanations of how to set out data for use in WinBUGS and how to interpret the output. Network Meta-Analysis for Decision Making will be of interest to decision makers, medical statisticians, health economists, and anyone involved in Health Technology Assessment including the pharmaceutical industry.

https://www.wiley.com/en-us/Network+Meta+Analysis+for+Decision+Making-p-9781118647509

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