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10 defining moments: events that left an everlasting impact on India (DVD)

Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: Noida IBN 18 Broadcast Ltd. 2008Subject(s): Indian HisotryDDC classification: D001407 Summary: Events that left an everlasting impact on IndiaAs we celebrate 6 years of Indian independence CNN IBN launched a show on 1 defining events that changed the life of a nation . This show looks at 1 events that. Join the country's foremost historian Ramachandra Guha and Rajdeep Sardesai, on a historic and treasured journey into the past.Featured Inside: About the show 1 Defining Moments with Rajdeep Sardesai & Ramachamdra Guha October 27, 1947: Accession of Kashmir Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir and governor-general Lord Louis Mountbatten signed the Instrument of Accession on October 27, 1947. Four wars have been waged over Kashmir since then. On 27th September 1947, just a month before the signing, Indian troops were dramatically airlifted to Kashmir to defend Srinagar from Pakistan.November 26 1949: BR Ambedkar presents the Constitution.Work on the Indian constitution started in earnest in December, 1946, with a 38-member constituent assembly. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. On November 26, 1949, the Constitution was finally passed. It was the longest written constitution in the world, with 444 articles, 1 schedules and a total of 117,369 words in English. Speaking after the completion of his work, Ambedkar said: 'I feel that the Constitution is workable; it is flexible and it is strong enough to hold the country together. If things go wrong under the new Constitution, the reason will not be that we had a bad Constitution. What we will have to say is that Man was vile.'January 1952: Indias first General Election.Fresh out of the freedom struggle, India gave voting rights to the masses. The logistics were mind boggling - 4,5 seats to be decided by 176 million Indians, spread over more than a million square miles. Eighty five per cent of them were illiterate. To aid the unread, large pictorial party symbols and separate ballot boxes for each party were used. The west turned up its nose - calling it the biggest gamble in history. Yet, as an exercise in social organization, and as a display of sheer political exuberance, the 1952 elections had no precedent.1956 Reorganization of states based on language.When Potti Sriramulu fasted to his death in 1952, demanding a state for Telugu speakers, he set the groundwork for dividing India on linguistic lines. People of the same language tended to share a cultural heritage and a will to work together - no matter what religion or ethnicity they belonged to. The State Reorganization Commission of 1956 ultimately redrew the map of India - coagulating people of the same language into separate autonomous states. It was the most practical way to hold the nation together.1974: First nuclear explosion Pokhran 1. Led to Pokhran 2 in 98.It was like Krishna lifting up the hill,' said a top nuclear scientist after watching the explosion of India's first nuclear device on May 18, 1974, in the Pokhran desert in Rajasthan. Pakistan's prime minister Z.A. Bhutto swore his country would make the bomb even if they had 'to eat grass'. It took another 24 years for India to declare itself a nuclear weapons state after a series of explosions in May 1998.March 24, 1977 Emergency ends. Morarji becomes PM.After a 21 month long national emergency, India resoundingly trashed the Congress thirty-year rule. Morarji Desai become Indias first non-Congress Prime Minister. Euphoria swept the nation. The Janata Party and its collaborators formed Indias first coalition government. Many parties in power today trace their genesis to that time. Jan Sangh then is todays BJP. The Bharatiya Kisan Dal of that day has spawned various regional outfits today.August 199: Mandal Commission report acceptedVP Singh stretched the limits of affirmative action - including more castes in the reservation net. North India erupted in violence and Indian societys age-old fault lines were exposed again. Reservation took precedence over merit. No party has had the courage to change that formula yet.June 1991: Economic Liberalization.The policy shifts were big enough. But even bigger was the change in mindsets. Thanks to liberalization, the license raj ended; almost all Central taxes were lowered and public-sector monopoly on a whole range of industries was broken. A good 44 years after political freedom, India finally began to taste economic freedom.December 6, 1992: Babri Masjid demolished;On December 6, 1992, Indian secularism fell to the fanatics pick-axe. When the Masjid crumbled, it ripped the fabric of communal harmony in free India. Today, Ayodhya is still a hotbed of dispute, a source of energy to the loony fringe of the Sangh Parivar and an abiding motif in the divisive politics of the republic.
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Events that left an everlasting impact on IndiaAs we celebrate 6 years of Indian independence CNN IBN launched a show on 1 defining events that changed the life of a nation . This show looks at 1 events that. Join the country's foremost historian Ramachandra Guha and Rajdeep Sardesai, on a historic and treasured journey into the past.Featured Inside: About the show 1 Defining Moments with Rajdeep Sardesai & Ramachamdra Guha October 27, 1947: Accession of Kashmir Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir and governor-general Lord Louis Mountbatten signed the Instrument of Accession on October 27, 1947. Four wars have been waged over Kashmir since then. On 27th September 1947, just a month before the signing, Indian troops were dramatically airlifted to Kashmir to defend Srinagar from Pakistan.November 26 1949: BR Ambedkar presents the Constitution.Work on the Indian constitution started in earnest in December, 1946, with a 38-member constituent assembly. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. On November 26, 1949, the Constitution was finally passed. It was the longest written constitution in the world, with 444 articles, 1 schedules and a total of 117,369 words in English. Speaking after the completion of his work, Ambedkar said: 'I feel that the Constitution is workable; it is flexible and it is strong enough to hold the country together. If things go wrong under the new Constitution, the reason will not be that we had a bad Constitution. What we will have to say is that Man was vile.'January 1952: Indias first General Election.Fresh out of the freedom struggle, India gave voting rights to the masses. The logistics were mind boggling - 4,5 seats to be decided by 176 million Indians, spread over more than a million square miles. Eighty five per cent of them were illiterate. To aid the unread, large pictorial party symbols and separate ballot boxes for each party were used. The west turned up its nose - calling it the biggest gamble in history. Yet, as an exercise in social organization, and as a display of sheer political exuberance, the 1952 elections had no precedent.1956 Reorganization of states based on language.When Potti Sriramulu fasted to his death in 1952, demanding a state for Telugu speakers, he set the groundwork for dividing India on linguistic lines. People of the same language tended to share a cultural heritage and a will to work together - no matter what religion or ethnicity they belonged to. The State Reorganization Commission of 1956 ultimately redrew the map of India - coagulating people of the same language into separate autonomous states. It was the most practical way to hold the nation together.1974: First nuclear explosion Pokhran 1. Led to Pokhran 2 in 98.It was like Krishna lifting up the hill,' said a top nuclear scientist after watching the explosion of India's first nuclear device on May 18, 1974, in the Pokhran desert in Rajasthan. Pakistan's prime minister Z.A. Bhutto swore his country would make the bomb even if they had 'to eat grass'. It took another 24 years for India to declare itself a nuclear weapons state after a series of explosions in May 1998.March 24, 1977 Emergency ends. Morarji becomes PM.After a 21 month long national emergency, India resoundingly trashed the Congress thirty-year rule. Morarji Desai become Indias first non-Congress Prime Minister. Euphoria swept the nation. The Janata Party and its collaborators formed Indias first coalition government. Many parties in power today trace their genesis to that time. Jan Sangh then is todays BJP. The Bharatiya Kisan Dal of that day has spawned various regional outfits today.August 199: Mandal Commission report acceptedVP Singh stretched the limits of affirmative action - including more castes in the reservation net. North India erupted in violence and Indian societys age-old fault lines were exposed again. Reservation took precedence over merit. No party has had the courage to change that formula yet.June 1991: Economic Liberalization.The policy shifts were big enough. But even bigger was the change in mindsets. Thanks to liberalization, the license raj ended; almost all Central taxes were lowered and public-sector monopoly on a whole range of industries was broken. A good 44 years after political freedom, India finally began to taste economic freedom.December 6, 1992: Babri Masjid demolished;On December 6, 1992, Indian secularism fell to the fanatics pick-axe. When the Masjid crumbled, it ripped the fabric of communal harmony in free India. Today, Ayodhya is still a hotbed of dispute, a source of energy to the loony fringe of the Sangh Parivar and an abiding motif in the divisive politics of the republic.

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